In 1942, the United States and Britain launched the second world war by launching two nuclear bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The first attack on the US mainland, launched in September 1941, wiped out the Japanese Empire and the Japanese-American war of independence, with the United Nations having no legal right to intervene.
However, a year later the Japanese Government attacked Pearl Harbor, the largest city in the Pacific Ocean, and the US Pacific fleet was forced to make a forced landing on the island, killing nearly 5,000 Japanese troops.
This event was followed by a series of atrocities, such as the Rape of Nanking, in which over 20,000 Chinese women were raped, then starved to death.
Many survivors were later forced into labour camps and forced to march to Washington to demand the release of Japanese prisoners.
In 1942 a US military commission concluded that the attack on Pearl Harbor was the direct result of the US’s policy of preemptive war, and concluded that it was a major turning point in the war.
In his book, “War Is Not Just a Game”, historian and author Michael Collins wrote: “The first US military attack on Japan was not the direct cause of Pearl Harbor but a continuation of US policy since that time.
The second was not a direct cause, but a consequence of US war aims and the American military campaign against Japan that followed.”
Despite this, the Japanese government did not accept the verdict of the commission, and it continued to deny responsibility for the attack.
The US and UK launched their third nuclear attack on Tokyo in December 1945, which killed a further 20,800 Japanese people and displaced millions more.
Although the US and British Governments later apologised for the invasion, the damage to Japan was irreversible and the resulting famine, the first on Japanese soil since the end of World War I, remains a major factor in determining the fate of the Pacific island nation today.
This war was the culmination of the American, British and Japanese governments’ war plans and policies.
What does this mean for the future of the world?
The Japanese war is a significant event in the history of the modern world and a major precedent in the evolution of the international system, said historian and former US Army Lieutenant Colonel Robert Dreyfus.
“Japan’s surrender was the endgame for the American and British military and political leaders, and for the entire world,” he said.
Dreyfs analysis of the events that led to the surrender of Japan suggests that the outcome of World The Second was a defining moment for the international order and that this is likely to have a lasting impact on how the world is governed, said Professor Daniel Kress. “
The US and Britain’s actions in the early part of World Wars II were designed to defeat the US-led, Soviet-backed Soviet Union, and defeat the Soviet Union itself, not to end the Japanese occupation of the islands of Okinawa and the Pacific and their occupation of Taiwan.”
Dreyfs analysis of the events that led to the surrender of Japan suggests that the outcome of World The Second was a defining moment for the international order and that this is likely to have a lasting impact on how the world is governed, said Professor Daniel Kress.
“I think it is likely that the United Nation Charter, as written in 1945, has a long-term effect on the way that countries define their international relations and that means the way we decide where to set up our global institutions, how we decide what kind of world we want to live in,” he added.